Macmichael, Sir Harold Alfred

(1882-1969)
   Born in Great Britain, he served as high commissioner and commander in chief for Palestine (and also as high commissioner for Transjordan) from 1938 to 1944. His tenure in Palestine was characterized by increasing tension between Arab and Jewish communities as well as between the Zionists and the British mandate. MacMichael oversaw implementation of the White Paper of 1939, which called for severe restrictions on Jewish immigration (see ALIYA) and land purchases in Palestine. By the time of his departure from Palestine at the end of August 1944, there was virtually no contact between mandatory authorities and the Jewish leadership, many of whom held MacMichael personally responsible for the fate of Jewish refugees fleeing the Holocaust yet denied admittance to Palestine.
   See also Arab-Israeli Conflict.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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